MAJULI – ASSAM
Majuli is declared the largest river island in world by Guinness World Records:
Majuli is a fresh water island in the mighty Brahmputra River in Assam. The nearest town to Majuli is Jorhat.
Here is all that you should know about Majuli:
- It is formed by Brahmaputra river in the south and Kherkutia Xuti, an anabranch of the Brahmaputra, joined by the Subansiri river in the north.
- The island is inhabited by Mising tribes, Deori and Sonowal Kachri tribes
- The people of the island speak Mising, Assamese and Deori language
- It covers an area of around 880 sq km
- It is one of the important tourist destinations of Assam
- Due to the frequent flooding of the Brahmaputra river, Majuli suffers heavy erosion. In the last 30-40 years it is estimated that it has lost about one third of its area
- It is home to about 1,60,000 people
- It is the hub of Assamese neo-Vaishnavite culture
- It was recently declared a district and was earlier a subdivision under Jorhat district
- It has been included in the tentative list of World Heritage Site by UNESCO
Majuli attracts tourists from all over the world. Among one of the most surreal places in India, Majuli is also a strong contender for a place in UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. Mostly inhabited by Tribals, the culture of Majuli is unique and quite interesting and is one of the key reasons why people love this place so much. It is also called the cultural capital of Assam. The festivals celebrated here are all joyous and vibrant. The main festival in the town of Majuli is called Raas and witnessing it is an interesting spectacle.”
Crystal clear waters. Beautiful landscapes. One of the few cities in the world which heavily relies on waterways. Culturally diverse with different festivals like Ali aye ligang celebrated there.
Majuli is perfect for those people who like to enjoy amidst the crystal-clear waters. Majuli takes you to the other part of India which is unlike any other place. If you find affinity with islands and want a unique trip, then Majuli is the right place for you.
Assamese Architectural in Majuli
Different parts of India show us glimpses of the various architectural styles. Many of the monuments are preserved due to their sheer significance regarding history and architecture. The Dakhinpat Satra in Jorhat District is an excellent example of the Assamese architectural style. The gates are decorated with pictures of flowers and animals. Various such paintings embellish the insides of Dakhinpat Satra. Nearby monuments like Tengapania are also famous for their Ahom architectural style which is popular in Assam.
The biggest river island in the world, Majuli is located on the river Brahmaputra in Assam and is formed by Brahmaputra in the south and the Kherkutia Xuti joined by the river Subansiri in the north. Making you feel at peace with nature, it is home to many migratory birds. Located 1100 km away from the mouth of the Brahmaputra, Majuli had an area of 1256 sq km in 1991 but due to soil erosion, it has now reduced to 875 sq km.
Majuli has been the cultural capital of the Assamese civilization since the 16th century and its main village, Naghmar, hosts all the important events, festivals and prayers. A good learning center for neo-Vaishnavite philosophy, there are 22 Vaishnava Satras in the city, the first of which was established in the 15th century by Sankaradeva, the father of Assamese culture. These attract a lot of tourists.
The local languages here are Mishing, Assamese and Deori. Agriculture is the main source of income in the town; around 100 different varieties of rice are grown in Majuli. Komal Saul, a unique type of rice is eaten by locals as a breakfast cereal while the Bora Saul is a sticky brown rice used to make Pitha, a traditional cake. Pottery, handloom, boat-making, fishing and dairying are some of the other important economic activities. Face masks and pottery are a must-buy from Majuli.
BEST PLACES TO EAT IN MAJULI
Majuli offers typical Assamese cuisine to the visitors. The popular items that you might find here include Khar, Laksa, Tenga and a few varieties of rice. Make sure you try the Pitha and the Komal Saul cereal.